سانحه (accident) , بازخوانی (investigation): accident and incident investigation health safety management for quarries topic seven objectives of thi

اسلاید پاورپوینت: سانحه (accident) ، بازخوانی (investigation) و اتفاق (event)…

 

عناوین اصلی استخراج شده از این فایل پاورپوینت

عناوین اصلی استخراج شده از این فایل پاورپوینت

● Objectives of this Section

نوع زبان : انگلیسی حجم : ۰٫۲۱ مگا بایت
نوع فایل : اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: ۲۲ صفحه
زمان استخراج مطلب : ۲۰۱۸/۱۱/۰۲ ۱۲:۱۵:۳۰ پسوند فایل : ppt

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در صورتی که محتوای فایل ارائه شده با عنوان مطلب سازگار نبود یا مطلب مذکور خلاف قوانین کشور بود لطفا در بخش دیدگاه (در پایین صفحه) به ما اطلاع دهید. جهت جستجوی پاورپوینت های بیشتر بر روی اینجا کلیک کنید.

این مطلب در تاریخ ۲۰۱۸/۱۱/۰۲ ۱۲:۱۵:۳۰ به صورت خودکار استخراج شده است. در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. همچنین این مطلب برگرفته از وب سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

http://www.hse.gov.uk/quarries/education/powerpoint/topic7.ppt

بخشی از محتوای متن استخراج شده از این فایل ppt

بخشی از محتوای متن استخراج شده از این فایل ppt

accident and incident investigation health safety management for quarries topic seven objectives of this section to define the reasons for investigating accident and incidents. to outline the process for effectively investigating accidents and incidents. to facilitate an effective investigation. accident investigation important part of any safety management system. highlights the reasons why accidents occur and how to prevent them. the primary purpose of accident investigations is to improve health and safety performance by exploring the reasons for the event and identifying both the immediate and underlying causes identifying remedies to improve the health and safety management system by improving risk control preventing a recurrence and reducing financial losses. what to investigate all accidents whether major or minor are caused. serious accidents have the same root causes as minor accidents as do incidents with a potential for serious loss. it is these root causes that bring about the accident the severity is often a matter of chance. accident studies have shown that there is a consistently greater number of less serious accidents than serious accidents and in the same way a greater number of incidents then accidents. many accident ratio studies have been undertaken and the one shown below is based on studies carried out by the health safety executive. ۱۸۹ non injury accidents illnesses ۷ minor injuries or illnesses ۱ major injury or illness accident studies in all cases the ‘non injury’ incidents had the potential to become events with more serious consequences. such ratios clearly demonstrate that safety effort should be aimed at all accidents including unsafe practices at the bottom of the pyramid with a resulting improvement in upper tiers. peterson ۱۹۷۸ in defining the principles of safety management says that an unsafe act an unsafe condition an accident are symptoms of something wrong within the management’s system. accident studies all events represent a degree of failure in control and are potential learning experiences. it therefore follows that all accidents should be investigated to some extent. this extent should be determined by the loss potential rather then just the immediate effect. stages in an accident incident investigation the stages in an accident incident investigation are shown in the following diagram. deal with immediate risks. select the level of investigation. investigate the event. record and analyse the results. review the process. dealing with immediate risks when accidents and incidents occur immediate action may be necessary to make the situation safe and prevent further injury. help treat and if necessary rescue injured persons. an effective response can only be made if it has been planned for in advance. deal with immediate risks. select the level of investigation. investigate the event. record and analyse the results. review the process. selecting the level of investigation the greatest effort should be put into those involving severe injuries ill health or loss. those which could have caused much greater harm or damage. these types of accidents and incidents demand more careful investigation and management time. this can usually be achieved by looking more closely at the underlying causes of significant events. assigning the responsibility for the investigation of more significant events to more senior managers. deal with immediate risks. select the level of investigation. investigate the event. record and analyse the results. review the process. investigating the event the purpose of investigations is to establish the way things were and how they came to be. what happened – the sequence of events that led to the outcome. why things happened as they did analysing both the immediate and underlying causes. what needs to be done to avoid a repetition and how this can be achieved. deal with immediate risks. select the level of investigation. investigate the event. record and analyse the results. review the process. a few sources should give the investigator all that is needed to know. interviewing the person s involved and witnesses to the accident is of prime importance ideally in familiar surroundings so as not to make the person uncomfortable. the interview style is important with emphasis on prevention rather than blame. the person s should give an account of what happened in their terms rather than the investigators. interviews interviews interviews should be separate to stop people from influencing each other. questions when asked should not be intimidating as the investigator will be seen as aggressive and reflecting a blame culture. observation the accident site should be inspected as soon as possible after the accident. particular attention should must be given to positions of people. personnel protective equipment ppe . tools and equipment plant or substances in use. orderliness tidiness. documents documentation to be looked at includes written instructions procedures and risk assessments which should have been in operation and followed. the validity of these documents may need to be checked by interview. the main points to look for are ø are they adequate satisfactory ø were they followed on this occasion ø were people trained competent to follow it records of inspections tests examination and surveys undertaken before the event. these provide information on how and why the circumstances leading to the event arose. determining causes collect all information and facts which surround the accident. immediate causes are obvious and easy to find. they are brought about by unsafe acts and conditions and are the active failures. unsafe acts show poor safety attitudes and indicate a lack of proper training. these unsafe acts and conditions are brought about by the so called ‘root causes’. these are the latent failures and are brought about by failures in organisation and the management’s safety system. determine what changes are needed the investigation should determine what control measures were absent inadequate or not implemented and so generate remedial action for implementation to correct this. generally remedial actions should follow the hierarchy of risk control eliminate risks by substituting the dangerous by the inherently less dangerous. combat risks at source by engineering controls and giving collective protective measures priority. minimise risk by designing suitable …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: سانحه (accident), بازخوانی (investigation), اتفاق (event), ریسک (risk), بلا واسطه (immediate), علت (cause), ماجرا (incident), ایمنی (safety), تجسس کردن (investigate), کارفرمانی (management), جراحت (injury),

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل ۲۲  اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن ۰٫۲۱ مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل ppt بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ ۲۰۱۸/۱۱/۰۲ ۱۲:۱۵:۳۰ استخراج شده است.

http://www.hse.gov.uk/quarries/education/powerpoint/topic7.ppt

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