Chapter 5: What are the major types of organic molecules?

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● Chapter 5: What are the major types of organic molecules?
● many biological molecules are polymers
● Polymers
● Chapter 5: What are the major types of organic molecules?
● Carbohydrates
● Lipids
● Proteins (polypeptides)
● proteins are polymers made of amino acid monomers linked together by peptide bonds
● Proteins (polypeptides)
● proteins have 4 levels of organization or structure
● interactions between R groups
● proteins have 4 levels of organization or structure
● Proteins (polypeptides)
● Nucleic acids
● some single and double nucleotides have important biological functions

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عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

., lipid, carbohydrate, molecule, acid, example, carbon, glucose, fatty, cellulose, polymer, bond,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/06/05 08:28:16 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

http://www.auburn.edu/academic/classes/biol/1020/bowling/ppt/chapter5.pptx

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عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: ., lipid, carbohydrate, molecule, acid, example, carbon, glucose, fatty, cellulose, polymer, bond,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

chapter ۵ what are the major types of organic molecules polymers four major classes of biologically important organic molecules carbohydrates lipids proteins and related compounds nucleic acids and related compounds . ۱ discuss hydrolysis and condensation and the connection between them. . ۲ many biological molecules are polymers polymers long chains w repeating subunits monomers example proteins amino acids example nucleic acids – nucleotides macromolecules very large polymers ۱ s of subunits . ۳ polymers hydrolysis break with water . ۴ polymers condensation dehydration synthesis . ۵ . ۶ discuss hydrolysis and condensation and the connection between them. . ۷ chapter ۵ what are the major types of organic molecules four major classes of biologically important organic molecules carbohydrates lipids proteins and related compounds nucleic acids and related compounds . ۸ for each organic molecule class address what they are structure and what they are used for function . . ۹ carbohydrates what are they and what are they used for what terms are associated with them including the monomers and the polymer bond name give some examples of molecules in this group. . ۱ carbohydrates carbohydrates carbon hydrogen and oxygen ratio typically ch۲o n sugars starches and cellulose . ۱۱ carbohydrates main molecules of life for energy storage consumed for energy production some used as building materials monosaccharides disaccharides and polysaccharides . ۱۲ carbohydrates monosaccharides single monomer ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ or ۷ carbons trioses tetroses pentoses hexoses and heptoses pentose examples ribose and deoxyribose hexose examples glucose fructose and galactose . ۱۳ carbohydrates structural formulas for glucose fructose and galactose isomers of each other glucose and galactose are structural isomers of fructose glucose and galactose are diastereomers . ۱۴ carbohydrates pentose and hexose sugars form ring structures in solution carbons given position numbers . ۱۵ carbohydrates ring structures in solution often creates diastereomers example a glucose and b glucose . ۱۶ carbohydrates disaccharides two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic linkage or bond condensation oxygen atom is bound to a carbon from each momomer linkage typically carbon ۱ to carbon ۴ . ۱۷ carbohydrates maltose sucrose lactose common disaccharides maltose malt sugar two glucose subunits sucrose table sugar glucose fructose lactose milk sugar glucose galactose . ۱۸ carbohydrates polysaccharides number of subunits varies typically thousands can be branched or unbranched some are easily broken down and are good for energy storage examples starch glycogen some are harder to break down and are good as structural components example cellulose . ۱۹ carbohydrates starch main energy storage carbohydrate of plants polymer made from α glucose units mostly α۱ ۴ linkages amylose unbranched starch amylopectin branched starch branches usually ۱ ۶ linkages amyloplasts a type of plastid for starch storage . ۲ carbohydrates glycogen main energy storage carbohydrate of animals very highly branched more water soluble is not stored in an organelle mostly found in liver and muscle cells . ۲۱ carbohydrates cellulose major structural component plant cell walls b glucose units similar to starch but note that the b۱ ۴ linkage makes a huge difference . ۲۲ carbohydrates unlike starch most organisms cannot digest cellulose cellulose is a major constituent of cotton wood and paper cellulose contains ~۵ of the carbon in found in plants . ۲۳ carbohydrates fibrous cellulose is the fiber in your diet some fungi bacteria and protozoa make enzymes that can break down cellulose animals that live on materials rich in cellulose e.g. cattle sheep and termites contain microorganisms in their gut that are able to break down cellulose for use by the animal . ۲۴ carbohydrates carbohydrates can be modified from the basic ch۲o n formula many modified carbohydrates have important biological roles example chitin – structural component in fungal cell walls and arthropod exoskeltons example galactosamine in cartilage example glycoproteins and glycolipids cellular membranes . ۲۵ carbohydrates what are they and what are they used for what terms are associated with them including the monomers and the polymer bond name give some examples of molecules in this group. . ۲۶ lipids what are they and what are they used for what terms are associated with them including majors classes and bond names give some examples of molecules in this group. . ۲۷ lipids lipids defined by solubility not structure oily or fatty compounds lipids are principally hydrophobic mainly carbon and hydrogen some do have polar and nonpolar regions some oxygen and or phosphorus mainly in polar regions . ۲۸ lipids roles of lipids include serving as membrane structural components signaling molecules energy storage molecules . ۲۹ lipids major classes of lipids that you need to know are triacylglycerols fats phospholipids terpenes and terpenoids . ۳ lipids triacylglycerols glycerol ۳ fatty acids glycerol ۳c sugar alcohol w ۳ oh groups fatty acid long unbranched hydrocarbon chain w cooh at end . ۳۱ lipids saturated fatty acids no carbon carbon double bonds usually solid at room temp . ۳۲ lipids unsaturated fatty acids one or more double bonds usually liquid at room temp monounsaturated – one double bond polyunsaturated – more than one double bond . ۳۳ lipids about ۳ different fatty acids are commonly found in triacylglycerols most have an even number of carbons . ۳۴ lipids condensation results in an ester linkage between a fatty acid and the glycerol . ۳۵ lipids names based on number of attached fatty acids one monoacylglycerol two diacylglycerol three triacylglycerol . ۳۶ carboxyl glycerol a fatty acid ester linkage b a triacyglycerol palmitic acid oleic acid linoleic acid c palmitic d oleic e linoleic . ۳۷ lipids triacylglycerols also called triglycerides are the most abundant lipids and are important sources of energy . ۳۸ lipids phospholipids consist of a diacylglycerol molecule a phosphate group esterified to the third oh group of glycerol an organic molecule such as choline esterified to the phosphate . ۳۹ lipids phospholipids are amphipathic polar end the phosphate and organic molecule nonpolar end the two fatty acids this is often drawn with a polar head and two nonpolar tails . ۴ lipids the nonpolar or hydrophobic portion of phospholipids tends to stay away from water the polar or hydrophilic portion of the molecule tends to interact with water this along with shape causes phospholipids to form bilayers when mixed with water because of this character phospholipids are important constituents of biological membranes . ۴۱ lipids terpenes are long chained lipids built from ۵ carbon isoprene units many pigments such as chlorophyll carotenoids and retinal are terpenes or modified terpenes often called terpenoids . ۴۲ lipids other terpenes terpenoids include natural rubber and essential oils such as plant fragrances and many spices . ۴۳ lipids steroids are terpene derivatives that contain four rings of carbon atoms side chains extend from the rings length and structure of the side chains varies one type of steroid cholesterol is an important component of cell membranes other examples many hormones such as testosterone estrogens . ۴۴ lipids what are they …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: ., lipid, carbohydrate, molecule, acid, example, carbon, glucose, fatty, cellulose, polymer, bond,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 92 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 4.39 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل pptx بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/06/05 08:28:16 استخراج شده است.

http://www.auburn.edu/academic/classes/biol/1020/bowling/ppt/chapter5.pptx

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