disease ، b و fg…

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نوع زبان: انگلیسی حجم: 6.04 مگا بایت
نوع فایل: اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: 119 صفحه
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گروه موضوعی: زمان استخراج مطلب: 2019/06/06 12:01:58

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عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

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disease, ., b, page, fg, ۳e, gene, classification, human, system, study, molecular,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/06/06 12:01:58 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

http://pevsnerlab.kennedykrieger.org/wiley/3e/chapter21/BFG_Chapter21_HumanDisease_v04.pptx

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عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: disease, ., b, page, fg, ۳e, gene, classification, human, system, study, molecular,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

chapter ۲۱ human disease jonathan pevsner ph.d. pevsner@kennedykrieger.org bioinformatics and functional genomics wiley liss ۳rd edition ۲ ۱۵ you may use this powerpoint for teaching purposes learning objectives after studying this chapter you should be able to ■ describe major categories of human disease ■ explain different approaches to identifying disease associated genes ■ compare and contrast the main disease databases ■ describe how studies of model organisms elucidate disease related variation. b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۱ outline human genetic disease a consequence of dna variation categories of disease disease databases approaches to identifying disease associated genes and loci human disease genes in model organisms functional classification of disease genes perspective life is a relationship between molecules not a property of any one molecule. so is therefore disease which endangers life. while there are molecular diseases there are no diseased molecules. at the level of the molecules we find only variations in structure and physicochemical properties. likewise at that level we rarely detect any criterion by virtue of which to place a given molecule higher or lower on the evolutionary scale. human hemoglobin although different to some extent from that of the horse braunitzer and matsuda ۱۹۶۱ appears in no way more highly organized. molecular disease and evolution are realities belonging to superior levels of biological integration. there they are found to be closely linked with no sharp borderline between them. the mechanism of molecular disease represents one element of the mechanism of evolution. even subjectively the two phenomena of disease and evolution may at times lead to identical experiences. the appearance of the concept of good and evil interpreted by man as his painful expulsion from paradise was probably a molecular disease that turned out to be evolution. subjectively to evolve must most often have amounted to suffering from a disease. and these diseases were of course molecular. emile zuckerkandl and linus pauling ۱۹۶۲ b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۱ genetic variation is responsible for the adaptive changes that underlie evolution. some changes improve the fitness of a species. other changes are maladaptive. for the individual in a species these maladaptive changes represent disease. molecular perspective mutation and variation medical perspective pathological condition human disease a consequence of variation b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۱ many regions of the genome may be affected there are many mechanisms of mutation genes and gene products interact with their molecular environments an individual interacts with the environment in ways that may promote disease why is there such a diversity of diseases b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۱ mechanisms of genetic mutation b fg ۳e tab. ۲۱.۱ page ۱ ۱۳ ag gt indicates mutations in the canonical first two and last two base pairs of an intron. from beaudet et al. ۲ ۱ . the field of bioinformatics involves the use of computer algorithms and databases to study genes genomes and proteins. dna databases offer reference sequences to compare normal and disease associated sequences physical and genetic maps are used in gene finding protein structure studies allow study of effects of mutation many functional genomics approaches applied to genes insight into human disease genes is provided through the study of orthologs and their function bioinformatics perspectives on disease b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۲ medicine diagnosis treatment prognosis prevention of disease genetics understanding the origin and expression of individual human uniqueness genomics identifying and characterizing genes and their arrangement in chromosomes bioinformatics the use of computer algorithms and computer databases to study genes genomes and proteins. perspectives on disease b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۳ bioinformatics resources for the study of human disease b fg ۳e fig. ۲۱.۱ page ۱ ۱۴ sir archibald garrod ۱۸۵۷ ۱۹۳۶ made important contributions to our understanding of disease. in a ۱۹ ۲ paper see web document ۲۱.۱ at http bioinfbook org for an on line version he described the rare inherited disorder alkaptonuria. he argued that variations in metabolic processes between individuals might include disease causing changes. such traits are inherited according to mendel’s laws. in his book inborn errors of metabolism ۱۹ ۹ garrod discusses how the disease phenotype reflects the chemical individuality of the each person. sir archibald garrod’s view of disease b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۴ in a second book inborn factors in disease ۱۹۳۱ garrod discusses how chemical individuality predisposes us to various diseases whether the disease is inherited caused by infection or by an environmental agent . every disease process is affected by both internal and external forces. archibald garrod’s view of disease b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۵ there are several approaches to disease classification that are relevant to our bioinformatics perspective of disease. also the field of bioinformatics health sciences informatics is specifically involved in disease classification. death rankings disability adjusted life years dalys classification systems international statistical classification of diseases and related health problems icd ۹ and icd ۱ national library of medicine mesh terms classification of disease b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۵ leading causes of death in united states in ۲ ۱ b fg ۳e tab. ۲۱.۲ page ۱ ۱۶ cause of death is based on the international classification of diseases tenth revision ۱۹۹۲ projected global deaths for selected causes of death ۲ ۲–۲ ۳ b fg ۳e fig. ۲۱.۲ page ۱ ۱۴ percentage of global disability‐adjusted life years daly for various causes in ۲ ۱ b fg ۳e fig. ۲۱.۳ page ۱ ۱۷ the international statistical classification of diseases and related health problems icd is the main disease classification system used in health care. examples of categories are infectious and parasitic disease neoplasms endocrine nutritional and metabolic diseases… diseases of the blood and blood forming organs mental disorders diseases of the nervous system and sense organs diseases of the circulatory system diseases of the respiratory system diseases of the digestive system see http www.who.int whosis icd۱ classification of disease icd classification system icd ۱ b fg ۳e tab. ۲۱.۳ page ۱ ۱۸ medical subject heading mesh terms for disease b fg ۳e page ۱ ۱۹ http www.nlm.nih.gov mesh the national library of medicine nlm has developed medical subjects heading mesh terms as a unified language for biomedical literature database searches. the current mesh term system includes ۲۳ disease categories. pubmed at ncbi also uses this classification system for indexing articles. medical subject heading mesh terms b fg ۳e fig. ۲۱.۴ page ۱ ۱۹ http www.nlm.nih.gov mesh medical subject …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: disease, ., b, page, fg, ۳e, gene, classification, human, system, study, molecular,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 119 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 6.04 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل pptx بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/06/06 12:01:58 استخراج شده است.

http://pevsnerlab.kennedykrieger.org/wiley/3e/chapter21/BFG_Chapter21_HumanDisease_v04.pptx

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