Metal vs. Plastic Spoon

فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

● Integrated Waste Management
● Why Manage Waste?
● Total US MSW Generation 2008 (by material) EPA
● Source Reduction
● Source Reduction or “Reduce”
● Reuse
● Metal vs. Plastic Spoon
● Recycle
● Waste Disposal
Last in the Hierarchy
● Waste Disposal
Resource Recovery
● Waste Disposal
Incineration & Landfilling
● Resources
● Contact Information

نوع زبان: انگلیسی حجم: 0.97 مگا بایت
نوع فایل: اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: 17 صفحه
سطح مطلب: نامشخص پسوند فایل: ppt
گروه موضوعی: زمان استخراج مطلب: 2019/06/07 08:59:36

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عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

., waste, reduce, recycle, solid, plastic, reuse, cradle, management, item, metal, product,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/06/07 08:59:36 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

در صورتی که محتوای فایل ارائه شده با عنوان مطلب سازگار نبود یا مطلب مذکور خلاف قوانین کشور بود لطفا در بخش دیدگاه (در پایین صفحه) به ما اطلاع دهید تا بعد از بررسی در کوتاه ترین زمان نسبت به حدف با اصلاح آن اقدام نماییم. جهت جستجوی پاورپوینت های بیشتر بر روی اینجا کلیک کنید.

عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: ., waste, reduce, recycle, solid, plastic, reuse, cradle, management, item, metal, product,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

integrated waste management reduce reuse recycle your name your title your organization personalize this page. this presentation is about using a variety of practices to handle municipal solid waste. image fairfax county solid waste management integrated solid waste management a set of plans to manage solid waste adopted by many governments a means of achieving sustainability everyone’s heard of reduce reuse recycle. where did that come from and why in that particular order the term comes from the solid waste management hierarchy which specifies the preferred order of various methods to manage solid waste. references http dpwes swmp forms fnlch۳hier.pdf http earth۹۱۱.com blog ۲ ۹ ۳ ۹ waste hierarchy whos on top in the game of trash why manage waste conserves resources energy reduces water air pollution saves landfill space waste food in nature there is no waste cradle to cradle design product components are recyclable or biodegradable extended producer responsibility epr or product stewardship resources and energy are used and pollution is created during the extraction manufacture distribution maintenance and disposal of products. waste can be reduced or eliminated with cradle to cradle design rather than the status quo of cradle to grave. interface carpets nike ford motor company and xerox are some companies involved in cradle to cradle design strategies. epr or product stewardship means reducing the environmental impact of products. examples computer take back programs where computer components are reused or reprocessed bottle bill legislation where you pay a deposit on beverage bottles that can be redeemed after use. reference cradle to cradle remaking the way we make things written by designer william mcdonough and chemist michael braungart. total us msw generation ۲ ۸ by material epa chart۱ .۱۲۷ . ۳۳ .۳۱ . ۴۹ . ۸۴ .۱۲ . ۷۹ . ۶۶ .۱۳۲ column۲ sheet۱ column۱ column۲ food scraps ۱۲.۷ other ۳.۳ paper ۳۱. glass ۴.۹ metals ۸.۴ plastics ۱۲. rubber leather textiles ۷.۹ wood ۶.۶ yard trimmings ۱۳.۲ to resize chart data range drag lower right corner of range. each american produces about ۴.۵ pounds of waste per day. this chart breaks down waste by material before recycling and composting . over the past ۳ years the percentage of plastics has grown glass metals are decreasing. about ۵۷ of all generated waste is biodegradable yard trimmings food scraps paper . ۲۴ states and hundreds of municipalities now ban yard waste from landfills. approximately ۳۲ of municipal solid waste is recycled in the us. the dept of environmental quality estimates about ۱ of municipal solid waste is recycled in oklahoma however no state records are kept at this time. reference epa ۲ ۸ – recycling and composting rates do not include hazardous industrial and construction waste. image fairfax county solid waste management source reduction source reduction or reduce is the most preferred method of waste management. notice that this method is preferred over recycling. source reduction or reduce preferred method prevents the generation of waste in the first place manufacturer decrease materials energy used during manufacturing distribution consumer purchase items with minimal packaging avoid disposable products includes backyard composting typically called source reduction when done by the manufacturer and reduce when done by the consumer. manufacturer examples beverage cans made using a lighter gauge of aluminum smaller computers phones and other electronics development of concentrated forms of detergent etc. reduction of packaging materials substitution of latex rather than lead paint. other examples consumer examples purchase items in bulk purchase concentrated forms and refill systems avoid single serve containers make double sided copies reduce the purchase of unnecessary items and borrow or rent rather than purchasing when possible. other examples backyard composting of yard trimmings food scraps is reduction or reuse because it keeps these items out of the waste stream not collected at curb . payt pay as you throw refuse programs provide a financial incentive to reduce reuse recycle. households are charged based on the weight or volume of waste they put out at the curb rather than a flat fee. epa definition of source reduction the design manufacture purchase or use of materials to reduce their quantity or toxicity before they reach the waste stream including minimizing the production of wastes during any step in the creation or use of a product. image fairfax county solid waste management reuse reuse is the next preferred method of waste management. notice that this method also is preferred over recycling. reuse prolonging a product’s usable life repairing items selling them or donating them to charity using durable rather than disposable items i.e. reusable shopping bags metal spoons preferable to recycling because item does not need to be collected reprocessed items that can be reused many times furniture books clothing linens jars bottles packaging household items paper toys. other examples compare the waste impact of disposable vs. durable goods shopping bags cutlery serving ware razors etc. cutlery example on next slide . note very few plastics are recyclable. the numbers on the bottom of plastic containers indicate the resin used to make the plastic. although plastic containers and packaging numbered ۱ ۷ are potentially recyclable most programs only accept ۱ ۲ clear bottles and milk jugs . clean plastic packaging such as the styrofoam blocks around electronic equipment is sometimes recycled. plastic cutlery and serving ware are not recycled anywhere in the us. the collection and reprocessing of goods to be recycled is a costly endeavor which is one reason why reduce and reuse are preferred. metal vs. plastic spoon cost to purchase ۵ cents for metal vs. one cent for plastic cost to produce maintain resources metal petroleum water chemicals etc. energy used in extraction manufacturing transportation external costs pollution during extraction manufacturing transportation disposal landfill incineration litter clean up savings from repetitive use of metal spoon priceless one student in school about ۲ days per year for ۱۲ years may use ۳ metal utensil vs. ۷ ۲ plastic ones ۱.۵ vs. ۷۲. plus external costs . image fairfax county solid waste management recycle finally …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: ., waste, reduce, recycle, solid, plastic, reuse, cradle, management, item, metal, product,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 17 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 0.97 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل ppt بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/06/07 08:59:36 استخراج شده است.

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