Selecting Apple Cultivars

فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

● Outline
● Selecting Apple Cultivars
● Tree Planting and Culture
● Dig the right size hole
● Tree Planting and Culture
● An apple a day …
● Nutrition
● Health Benefits
● Consumer Apple Preferences (NDSU survey results)
● Selecting Apples
● Storing Apples
● Food Safety Tips When Using Apples
● Freezing
● Canning
● Making Jams, Jellies and Relishes
● Drying
● Recipes

نوع زبان: انگلیسی حجم: 2.76 مگا بایت
نوع فایل: اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: 28 صفحه
سطح مطلب: نامشخص پسوند فایل: pptx
گروه موضوعی: زمان استخراج مطلب: 2019/06/16 05:47:18

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عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

., apple, tree, plant, cultivar, food, soil, select, culture, zone, syrup, mg,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/06/16 05:47:18 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

در صورتی که محتوای فایل ارائه شده با عنوان مطلب سازگار نبود یا مطلب مذکور خلاف قوانین کشور بود لطفا در بخش دیدگاه (در پایین صفحه) به ما اطلاع دهید تا بعد از بررسی در کوتاه ترین زمان نسبت به حدف با اصلاح آن اقدام نماییم. جهت جستجوی پاورپوینت های بیشتر بر روی اینجا کلیک کنید.

عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: ., apple, tree, plant, cultivar, food, soil, select, culture, zone, syrup, mg,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

apples julie garden robinson ph.d. r.d. l.r.d. food and nutrition specialist esther mcginnis ph.d. extension horticulturist from orchard to table ۱ outline selecting apple cultivars tree planting and culture nutrition and health research storage preservation freezing canning this project was supported by the u.s. department of agriculture’s usda agricultural marketing service through grant ۱۴ scbgp nd ۳۸. its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the usda. selecting apple cultivars choose cultivars that are well adapted to your state’s climate and soils. use the usda plant hardiness zone map. residents in southern north dakota can protect their investment by selecting an apple tree cultivar with a plant hardiness zone of ۴ or lower while northern residents should select cultivars with a plant hardiness zone of ۳ or lower. the u.s. department of agriculture’s plant hardiness zone map boundaries lack precision. residents living near the zone boundary line should err on the side of caution and select the hardier lower zone. table ۱ lists cultivars that commonly are available in the state by hardiness zone. ۳ selecting apple cultivars one apple tree by itself will not produce fruit. apple flowers require pollen from a different cultivar. for example ‘honeycrisp’ pollen can pollinate a ‘sweet sixteen’ tree but not a second ‘honeycrisp’ tree. horticulturists recommend planting two different cultivars of apple trees within ۱ feet of each other. cross pollination is achieved when a honeybee or native bee carries pollen from a different apple cultivar and deposits it on the flower of the first apple cultivar. alternatively a flowering crabapple can supply the necessary pollen for cross pollination if flowering times overlap. ۴ tree planting and culture new apple trees benefit from the protection of shelter belts and buildings. plant apple trees far enough away from structures to ensure full sun exposure. tree planting and culture rule of thumb space trees a distance equal to the their maximum height. tree height will be affected by the type of rootstock standard semidwarf and dwarf. tree planting and culture avoid low spots vulnerable to flooding and early spring frosts. avoid areas where the water table brings salts to the soil surface. ۷ tree planting and culture perform a soil test soil ph soluble salts level of nutrients apple trees planted in high ph soils greater than ۷.۵ may develop micronutrient deficiencies iron manganese require more monitoring and maintenance dig the right size hole digging the right sized hole is important. trees that are planted too deeply may languish because the roots are oxygen deprived. the hole should be only as deep as the bottom of the root ball. as for the width the hole should be two times as wide as the root ball. check for circling roots that eventually may strangle the tree. circling roots should be cut. when planted the graft union should be ۲ to ۴ inches above the soil line. the graft union is denoted by a swelling between the rootstock and upper part of the tree. burying the graft union may negate the beneficial characteristics of the rootstock. backfill the hole with the original soil and tamp it down. ۹ tree planting and culture thorough watering helps remove air pockets. water regularly the first year or two to help the tree become established. stake the tree the first few years and surround it with wood mulch. new apple trees may take two to eight years to bear fruit. mulching reduces the competition between the new tree and the lawn. in addition mulching helps retain moisture and reduces the chances of mower or weed whip injury. for pruning and maintenance tips see the ndsu extension service publication tree fruit culture and cultivars in north dakota. ۱ an apple a day … … keeps the doctor away. research continues to show that the fiber natural antioxidants and other phytochemicals plant chemicals in apples may help prevent chronic diseases. ۱۱ nutrition one medium apple contains ۹۵ calories .۶ gram g fat .۵ g protein ۲۵ g carbohydrate ۴.۴ g fiber ۲ milligrams mg sodium ۱۱ mg calcium .۲۲ mg iron ۱۹۵ mg potassium ۸ mg vitamin c ۹۸ international units vitamin a ۵ mg folate source u.s. department of agriculture nutrient database health benefits alzheimer’s disease heart disease stroke weight loss diabetes cancer lung function asthma consumer apple preferences ndsu survey results most important to least other preferences flavor crispness firmness variety price color size half red half green ۶۳ percent of respondents sweetness of ۳.۹۴ ۱ sweet ۹ sour crispness of ۸.۹۴ ۱ mushy ۹ crisp information based on a ۹ point scale selecting apples shiny smooth skin characteristic color of the chosen variety avoid bruised or punctured apples handle carefully storing apples store in a plastic bag in the refrigerator away from strong smelling foods. may absorb flavors of other foods give off ethylene gas which causes browning of other produce storing apples remove decayed apples because they may speed the decaying of other apples. storing apples at room temperature shortens their usable life. food safety tips when using apples rinse apples in cool running water before eating them and keep in mind these food safety tips continued on next slide… ۱۸ food safety tips when using apples clean wash your hands for at least ۲ seconds in warm soapy water before handling food. use clean knives cutting boards and other equipment. separate keep fresh fruit separate from raw meats and eggs. chill keep cold foods such as cut fruit or salads in a refrigerator at ۴ f. keep freezers at f or lower. cook cook foods to safe temperatures. freezing apple slices select firm crisp full flavored apples. wash peel and core. slice medium apples into twelfths large sizes into sixteenths. syrup pack use ۴ percent syrup. for a better quality frozen product add ½ teaspoon crystalline ascorbic acid to each quart of syrup. slice apples directly into cold syrup in container starting with ½ cup syrup to a pint container. press fruit down in containers and add enough syrup to cover. leave head space. seal and freeze. apples freeze well but they require some preparation to prevent …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: ., apple, tree, plant, cultivar, food, soil, select, culture, zone, syrup, mg,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 28 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 2.76 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل pptx بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/06/16 05:47:18 استخراج شده است.

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