Hiseiki Koyo (Non-regular Workers)

فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

● Economic Development of Japan
● Aging Society
● Young, Working & Old Population
● Kasoka (Rural Depopulation)
● Labor Shortage
● Emerging Gaps
● Japanese Gini Coefficient Is Stable (After Redistribution)
● Poverty and Inequality
● Hiseiki Koyo (Non-regular Workers)
● Hiseiki Koyo & Karoshi

نوع زبان: انگلیسی حجم: 0.81 مگا بایت
نوع فایل: اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: 13 صفحه
سطح مطلب: نامشخص پسوند فایل: pptx
گروه موضوعی: زمان استخراج مطلب: 2019/05/10 01:02:52

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عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

., worker, labor, japan, percent, japanese, income, population, people, age, regular, redistribution,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/05/10 01:02:52 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

http://www.grips.ac.jp/teacher/oono/hp/lecture_J/lec_aging.pptx

در صورتی که محتوای فایل ارائه شده با عنوان مطلب سازگار نبود یا مطلب مذکور خلاف قوانین کشور بود لطفا در بخش دیدگاه (در پایین صفحه) به ما اطلاع دهید تا بعد از بررسی در کوتاه ترین زمان نسبت به حدف با اصلاح آن اقدام نماییم. جهت جستجوی پاورپوینت های بیشتر بر روی اینجا کلیک کنید.

عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: ., worker, labor, japan, percent, japanese, income, population, people, age, regular, redistribution,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

economic development of japan aging labor shortage widening gaps aging society japanese society is rapidly aging because old people live longer and young people are not eager or able to marry and have babies. such trends are also visible in other countries but japan is the global leader in koreika aging and shoshika producing fewer children . japanese population peaked around ۲ ۸ at ۱۲۸ million then began to decline gradually. depopulation is expected to continue well into the future. the share of working age population aged ۱۶ to ۶۴ started to decline much earlier peaking at ۷ percent around ۱۹۹۵ then falling to about ۶ percent at present. this means fewer workers must support more retired people through higher tax burden and social security contributions. shrinking and aging population also means lackluster domestic demand reduced saving low growth and skyrocketing medical and pension bills. japanese society once based on communal spirit and intra family care for the young and the old no longer functions that way. source special report on demographic dynamics ۲ ۸ and others. total female male japanese population ۱۲۸. ۱۲۷. ۲ ۵ ۲ ۶ ۲ ۷ ۲ ۸ ۲ ۹ ۲ ۱ ۲ ۱۱ ۲ ۱۲ ۲ ۱۳ oct. ۱۲۷.۵ recent years young working old population source national institute of population and social security research. old ۶۵ above young ۱۴ working age ۱۵ ۶۴ actual forecast unit thousand kasoka rural depopulation a related problem is kasoka or accelerated decline and aging of population in rural areas to the extent that basic transport medical and commercial services are no longer rendered. the problem of disappearing communities permeates in virtually all cities towns and villages in rural japan. this is caused by migration of young people to large cities for education and job opportunities in addition to gradual passing away of remaining senior citizens. revitalizing rural communities has become one of the top priorities of any japanese administration including abenomics . labor shortage labor shortage has become apparent in recent years. the unemployment rate has steadily fallen from ۵.۱ percent in ۲ ۹ to ۳.۱ percent in ۲ ۱۶. many businesses especially small ones find it difficult to recruit enough workers. labor shortage is widespread in all sectors and especially acute in such service industries as construction transportation food catering elderly care and childcare. scarcity of construction workers is aggravated by strong reconstruction demand in the aftermath of the great east japan earthquake in ۲ ۱۱ and construction toward the tokyo olympics in ۲ ۲ . japan has traditionally accepted only a small number of foreign workers except those with highly professional skills or japanese ethnic origin. however the immigration policy now has to be reconsidered because labor shortage is a structural problem that is not likely to go away soon and japan must therefore rely heavily on foreign workers in the future. more labor demand less workers applying sources ministry of international affairs communications labor force survey ministry of health labor welfare situation of general labor matching dec.۲۷ ۲۹۱۶ job offer application ratio right scale unemployment rate left scale emerging gaps another serious problem is emerging social gaps. japan in the ۱۹۶ s attained high growth and income equalization simultaneously until most people felt that they belonged to the middle class chapter ۱۱ . after the bursting of the bubble this happy memory was replaced by a sad combination of little growth and perceived inequality. surveys conducted every three years by the ministry of health labor and welfare show that income before tax and subsidies is rapidly becoming unequal although there is no evidence of widening income gaps after income redistribution through tax and social welfare systems is taken into account. japanese gini coefficient is stable after redistribution the gini coefficient measures income inequality from zero completely equal to one completely unequal . in the ۲۱st century japanese gini before redistribution rose sharply from .۴۹۸۳ to .۵۷ ۴. however after redistribution mainly social welfare policy gini remained stable around .۳۸. the government interprets this as evidence of a very effective redistribution policy. gini coefficient source ministry of health labor and welfare. poverty and inequality despite this poverty is on the rise even after income redistribution. japan’s poverty ratio relative definition counting the number of people below ۵ percent of median income increased during the last three decades from ۱۲. percent in ۱۹۸۴ to ۱۶.۱ percent in ۲ ۱۴ which is second highest among advanced countries after the united states. popular perception is that japan is rapidly becoming an unequal society. in recent surveys about ۷ to ۸ percent of respondents concur with this assessment. in popular view this fact is most visible in wage gaps followed by distinction between regular and non regular workers next paragraph differentiated job opportunities increase in low income families and social service gaps between urban and rural areas. in japan inequality is associated mainly with increasing poverty rather than the existence of a very few extremely rich people tachibanaki ۲ ۱۶ . hiseiki koyo non regular workers inequality in work places is most apparent in unequal treatment between regular workers who enjoy permanent status and non regular workers such as part timers and workers with short term contracts. the ratio of non regular workers has risen rapidly from about ۲ percent in ۱۹۹ to ۴ percent in ۲ ۱۴. the prolonged recession increased management’s desire to cut labor cost and have an option to reduce workforce at times of slow business as well as workers’ reluctant acceptance of such inferior positions. even if job description is the same non regular workers receive less …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: ., worker, labor, japan, percent, japanese, income, population, people, age, regular, redistribution,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 13 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 0.81 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل pptx بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/05/10 01:02:52 استخراج شده است.

http://www.grips.ac.jp/teacher/oono/hp/lecture_J/lec_aging.pptx

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