FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

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● FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
● USAID IS NOT ALONE …
● KEY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT CONCEPTS
● WHAT ARE IMPACTS?
● BASELINE SITUATION
● ACTIVITY
● AN ACTIVITY ABOUT ACTIVITIES AND SUB-ACTIVITIES
● ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
● SCREENING
● INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION (IEE)
● TYPES OF USAID ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS
● FULL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT STUDY
(IF REQUIRED)
● HOW IS A FULL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DIFFERENT FROM AN INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION (IEE)?
● ACTIVITY: REVIEW AN IEE (HANDOUT)

نوع زبان: انگلیسی حجم: 3.77 مگا بایت
نوع فایل: اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: 15 صفحه
سطح مطلب: نامشخص پسوند فایل: ppt
گروه موضوعی: زمان استخراج مطلب: 2019/05/16 05:54:25

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عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

عبارات مهم استفاده شده در این مطلب

environmental, ., impact, assessment, activity, concept, baseline, key, situation, fundamental, project, process,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/05/16 05:54:25 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

http://www.usaidgems.org/workshops/2DayWorkshop/SeparatedSlides/Session4Presentation.ppt

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عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: environmental, ., impact, assessment, activity, concept, baseline, key, situation, fundamental, project, process,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

۴. fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment location  month year fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment learning outcomes define the three fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment understand how the fundamental concepts apply to the regulation ۲۱۶ process fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment image credit cris guterres usaid. celestina pinto left and filomena mendonca de araujo stand in a field of purple sweet potatoes on the avansa agrikultura project demonstration plot. https www.usaid.gov sites default files success story mg ۹۴۶۸.jpg usaid is not alone … key concepts for environmental impact assessment most countries almost all donors including usaid have impact assessment requirements like nepa in many developing countries environmental and social impact assessment is the core of national environmental regulation environmental impact assessment is done by everyone key concepts for environmental impact assessment the beginnings of environmental impact assessment are rooted in the environmental crisis that affected all industrialized economies in the ۱۹۵ s ۶ s ۷ s. for example ۱۹۵۲ killer fog kills ۴ in london ۱۹۶۳ silent spring documents the effects of ddt ۱۹۶۶ cuyahoga river burns for the ۳rd time in cleveland ohio usa looking back from today the causes were obvious population growth natural resource pressures urbanization industrialization all of these factors combined to create unprecedented environmental damage with consequent effects on human health and welfare. environmental impact assessment was one response. the first national environmental impact assessment requirements were outlined in the ۱۹۷ us national environmental policy act nepa requiring environmental impact assessment for usg projects. other responses included regulation of industry and environmental treaties. environmental impact assessment has an even more central environmental protection role in many developing countries than it does in the us and other wealthy economies. in the us and many wealthy economies environmental management requirements for industry and infrastructure in operation are established by operating permits under media specific pollution laws. whereas in many developing countries operating requirements are established almost solely under the environmental impact assessment process. key environmental impact assessment concepts key concepts for environmental impact assessment defining impact defining activity characterizing the baseline situation key concepts for environmental impact assessment image credit drip irrigation of new strawberry plants in egypt. — usaid.gov https www.usaid.gov where we work middle east merc water success stories what are impacts key concepts for environmental impact assessment the impact of an activity is the change from the baseline situation caused by the activity. the baseline situation is the existing environmental situation or condition in the absence of the activity. the baseline situation is a key concept in environmental impact assessment. to measure an impact you must know what the baseline situation is. key concepts for environmental impact assessment baseline situation key concepts for environmental impact assessment the baseline situation is not just a snapshot in time. this chart of groundwater levels shows both variability and a trend over time. both are part of the groundwater baseline situation. key concepts for environmental impact assessment this shallow well features a raised enclosure and a cover both of which help to reduce the possibility of contamination. shallow wells provide an easy way to monitor groundwater levels. describing the baseline situation requires describing both the normal variability in environmental components and current trends in these components. baseline characterization is a description of environmental conditions in the absence of the proposed activities. the baseline characterization cannot be exhaustive. the environmental components most important when determining the baseline characterization are those components most likely to be affected by your activity and upon which your activity depends on for its success. provide an overview of topics for examining the environmental baseline such as water quantity quality reliability accessibility soils erosion crop productivity fallow periods salinity nutrient concentrations climate change unpredictable weather patterns agriculture and food production fauna populations habitat environmental health disease vectors pathogens public health conflict over resources vulnerable populations access to resources flora composition and density of natural vegetation productivity key species key species ecosystems determine the baseline situation by obtaining information from ۳ sources your organization talk to staff who know the project and know the sites. obtain project documents and information direct observation go to the site s . look up publicly available satellite imagery before you go. utilize other local talent and knowledge communities government counterparts literature activity key concepts for environmental impact assessment the impact assessment process examines the impacts of activities. under regulation ۲۱۶ an activity is a project or program usually consists of many activities. accomplishing an activity requires a set of sub activities or tasks. a desired accomplishment or output. for example a road seedling production or river diversion to irrigate land. activity market access road rehabilitation sub activities or tasks survey grading culvert construction compaction etc.. key concepts for environmental impact assessment an activity about activities and sub activities fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment project or program activities sub activities or tasks fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment group activity – fill in the question marks on irrigation and seedling production. emphasize that it is okay if they don’t know much about the topics just do your best. submit for approval negative determination with conditions environmental assessment fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment usaid initial environmental examination iee negative determination positive determination request for categorical exclusion moderate or unknown impact high impact low impact categorically excluded screen the activity exempt exemption memo fundamental concepts of environmental impact assessment this slide does duplicate an earlier one. but it is important to recap the process and the ۲۲ cfr ۲۱۶ terminology. as stated before all environmental impact assessment processes begin with screening sorting proposed activities into risk categories by applying a set of simple criteria established by the specific law regulation or policy. we’ll review the screening process under regulation ۲۱۶ a little later. screening does not require detailed analysis or extensive baseline data. it does require a basic understanding of what the proposed activity is and where it will be undertaken. depending on the risk category low medium or high the …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: environmental, ., impact, assessment, activity, concept, baseline, key, situation, fundamental, project, process,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 15 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 3.77 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل ppt بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/05/16 05:54:25 استخراج شده است.

http://www.usaidgems.org/workshops/2DayWorkshop/SeparatedSlides/Session4Presentation.ppt

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