Descriptive Definition of Morality

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فهرست عناوین اصلی در این پاورپوینت

● Morality
● Descriptive Definition of Morality
● Normative Definition of Morality
● Definition synonymous with Ethics
● Why Do We Have Moral Theories
● Moral Decision Making
● Definitions of Moral Codes
● Moral Standard
● Law
● Natural Law
● Conventional Law
● Penal Code
● Morality and the Law
● Ethics
● Important
● Purpose of Ethics
● Consequentialism
● Deontology
● Human Nature
● Relativism
● Hedonism
● Emotivism
● Kantianism
● Ethical Reasoning
● Ethical Decision Making Process
● Information Resulting from the Ethical Decision Making
● Code of Ethics
● ACM Code of Ethics & Professional Conduct
● Objectives of Code of Ethics
● Ethical Issues Associated with Changing Technology

نوع زبان: انگلیسی حجم: 0.09 مگا بایت
نوع فایل: اسلاید پاورپوینت تعداد اسلایدها: 31 صفحه
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گروه موضوعی: زمان استخراج مطلب: 2019/05/17 12:49:25

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moral, action, ., human, right, ethical, –, rule, law, good, definition, morality,

توجه: این مطلب در تاریخ 2019/05/17 12:49:25 به صورت خودکار از فضای وب آشکار توسط موتور جستجوی پاورپوینت جمع آوری شده است و در صورت اعلام عدم رضایت تهیه کننده ی آن، طبق قوانین سایت از روی وب گاه حذف خواهد شد. این مطلب از وب سایت زیر استخراج شده است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی است.

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عبارات پرتکرار و مهم در این اسلاید عبارتند از: moral, action, ., human, right, ethical, –, rule, law, good, definition, morality,

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

مشاهده محتوای متنیِ این اسلاید ppt

morality and ethics chapter ۲ chapter ۳ morality a set of rules for right conduct a system used to modify and regulate behavior quality system in human acts by which we judge them right or wrong ۳ definitions descriptive normative universal synonymous with ethics concerns set of shared rules principles and duties independent of religion applicable to all in a group or society has no reference to the will or power of one individual descriptive definition of morality a set of rules or codes of conduct that governs human behavior in matters of right or wrong. normative definition of morality an ideal code of conduct that would be observed by all rational people under specified conditions. definition synonymous with ethics the systematic philosophical study of the moral domain. why do we have moral theories macdonnell moral theories seek to introduce a degree of rationality and rigor into our moral deliberations. moral decision making considerations facts surrounding the situations taking into account the interests of all parties involved taking into account the moral principles involved take into account how the decisions will affect others. helps us perceive moral principles use reason to determine the best way to achieve the highest moral good distinguish between primary and secondary moral principles primary – general secondary – more specific make rational calculations of the consequences of our actions definitions of moral codes internet encyclopedia of philosophy rules or norms within a group for what is proper behavior for the members of that group. rules or norms provide the measure complex definitions of right and wrong different cultures have different codes morality is relative to time some are timeless and culture free moral standard standard by which we compare human actions to determine their goodness or badness. morality sets standards of virtuous conduct mechanisms to self regulate through enforcement and self judge through guilt law webster’s dictionary rule of conduct or an action recognized by custom or decreed by a formal enactment community or group. black an art we can create and model contemporary critics instrument of exercising power bryan bourn an art and an instrument for exercising power. fagothey rule and measure of actions directing them to proper ends physical moral natural law unwritten but universal theory eternal absolute moral law can be discovered by reason derivable from reason applies to all rational creatures exists independently of human preference and inclinations applied cross culture anchor of right of self preservation liberty and property conventional law created for and by humans usually created in public deliberations derived from moral code that is enforceable varies society to society takes ۲ forms declarative simply restates what the natural law declares forbidding murder theft determinative fixes ways of acting in accordance with natural laws contracts taxes traffic penal code laws useless without punishment three functions of punishment system retributive – pay back the criminal corrective – improve the offender deterrent – prevention of similar actions morality and the law serve the purpose of keeping society stable and secure used in making judgments about people’s actions judgments are justifiable by reason means to achieve purpose is different the process of making codes and laws enforcement nature of punishment conflict resolution types of judgement ethics origins – greeks greeks studied themselves human life and society lead to study of human conducts definition a study of right and wrong in human conduct another definition theoretical examination of morality solomon a set of theories of value virtue or of right valuable action. johnson set of theories that provide general rules or principles to be used in making those rules important ethics helps us not only in distinguishing between right and wrong but also in knowing why and on what grounds our judgment of human actions is justified. purpose of ethics interpret human conduct acknowledging and distinguishing between right and wrong. interpretation is done based on a consisting of a mixture of inductions and deductions. uses process of argumentation argumentation consists of a mixture of inductions and deductions generally based on historical schools of thoughts or ethical theories consequentialism human actions are judged good or bad depending on the results of the actions thee general types of consequentialism egoism individual interests and happiness above everything else utilitarianism group interests and happiness above individual act utilitarianism consider the consequences of an action for the ones which will benefit the most rule utilitarianism obey the rules that brings max happiness to max people altruism action is right if the results of the action is good for everyone but the actor deontology does not concern itself with the consequences of an action rather the will of act if a person committing an act had a good reason for doing so example an armed person comes into your house you shoot the intruder you did it because you had a duty to your protect your family and your property. action was good human nature all human beings are endowed with all faculties and capabilities to live in happiness. humans are supposed to discover the develop those capabilities. the capabilities become the benchmark for actions actions judged on how much they measure up to capabilities relativism there is no existence of universal moral norm right and wrong are relative to society culture or the individual. moral norms are not fixed in time. hedonism one of the oldest ethical theories pleasure is the only good thing in human life end of life is the highest good maximize pleasure or minimize pain ۲ types psychological – what people seek each day is pleasure ethical – people ought to seek pleasure pleasure is the moral good modern hedonism pleasure happiness emotivism ethical statements are neither true nor false ethical statements cannot be proven ethical statements are really only statements about how someone feels kantianism developed by german philosopher immanuel kant ۱۷۲۴ ۱۸ ۴ people’s actions ought to be guided by universal moral laws moral laws are derived from reason should be able to cite why an action is right or wrong ethical reasoning reasoning – human cognitive process of looking for ways to generate or affirm a proposition cognitive processes – mental processes logic – tool for distinguishing between truth and falsehood ethical reasoning – integrating ethical principles in the reasoning process ethical decision making process recognize inherent ethical conflict through comprehension appreciation evaluation of all ethical dimensions of problem know the parties involved being aware of …

کلمات کلیدی پرکاربرد در این اسلاید پاورپوینت: moral, action, ., human, right, ethical, –, rule, law, good, definition, morality,

این فایل پاورپوینت شامل 31 اسلاید و به زبان انگلیسی و حجم آن 0.09 مگا بایت است. نوع قالب فایل pptx بوده که با این لینک قابل دانلود است. این مطلب برگرفته از سایت زیر است و مسئولیت انتشار آن با منبع اصلی می باشد که در تاریخ 2019/05/17 12:49:25 استخراج شده است.

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